By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov
This monograph is dedicated to the activation and diverse ameliorations of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), i.e. reactions observed by means of the C--H and C--C bond cleavage. Alkanes are the most parts of oil and normal fuel, and therefore are the vital feedstocks for the chemical undefined. however, those ingredients are identified to be the least reactive natural compounds. targeted recognition is paid to the lately came upon alkane activations in the presence of steel complexes, that are defined in additional element. as well as the reactions of saturated hydrocarbons that are the major subject of this ebook, the activation of C--H bonds in arenes or even olefins and acetylenes are thought of. The monograph can be necessary not just in the event you have an interest in the activation of alkanes and different hydrocarbons by means of steel complexes, but additionally for experts in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, petrochemistry, and organometallic chemistry. a few elements of the monograph might be of curiosity for experts in inorganic and natural chemistry, theoretical chemistry, biochemistry or even biology, and additionally when you paintings within the petrochemical undefined, business natural synthesis and biotechnology.
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This monograph is dedicated to the activation and diverse differences of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), i. e. reactions observed by way of the C--H and C--C bond cleavage. Alkanes are the most parts of oil and common gasoline, and as a result are the crucial feedstocks for the chemical undefined.
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Additional info for Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes
J. Chem. , Chem. Commun. 1983, 671. Tyurina, L. ; Kombarova, S. ; Smirnov, V. V. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1989, 309, 122 (in Russian). (a) Kharash, M. ; Isbell, H. C. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1931, 53, 3053. ; Willstätter, R. Ber. 1931, 64B, 2844. (c) Milas, N. ; Sussman, S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1936, 58, 1302. (a) Kleiman, J. ; J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1963, 85, 1544. ; Davidson, J. M. J. Chem. Soc.. 1965, 843. ; Verberg, G. Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas 1965, 84, 1263. ; Danno, S. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1969, 91, 7166.
If the temperature of chain radical chlorination of methane is high, and time of contact between hydrocarbon and chlorine is short, in addition to chlorinated hydrocarbons, large amounts of ethane or ethylene and hydrogen are formed (Benson’s process ). Thus the content of ethylene, propylene and acetylene is up to 77% at 1273 K. The radical chain process includes the following stages: Transformations in the Absence of Metals 31 Chlorine atoms can also be generated at ambient temperature by light irradiation of molecular chlorine mixed with hydrocarbon [14a, 16].
Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 118, 4574. 16. C. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1979, 101, 1032. ; Hirobe, M. Heterocycles 1995, 40, 867. CHAPTER II HYDROCARBON TRANSFORMATIONS THAT DO NOT INVOLVE METALS OR THEIR COMPOUNDS n this chapter we will briefly survey the main types of hydrocarbon transformations that occur without the participation of solid metals or oxides and metal complexes. The alkane transformations described here should be taken into consideration for comparison when discussing the metal complex activation.
Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov