Read e-book online A Brief History Of Saudi Arabia (Brief History) PDF

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By James Wynbrandt

ISBN-10: 0816052034

ISBN-13: 9780816052035

ISBN-10: 0816057958

ISBN-13: 9780816057955

ISBN-10: 1438108303

ISBN-13: 9781438108308

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877) wrote in the introduction to his sunnah, a compilation of the words and deeds of the prophet Muhammad: Hearts had become hard. Every day a pit was dug in the corner of the desert for an innocent girl to be buried. Human beings were more brutal and cruel than hyenas. The powerful crushed the weak. It was a time when brutality was taken for humanity, cruelty received approval, the bloodthirsty were exalted, bloodshed considered a virtue, adultery and fornication were more common than legal marriages.

Shrines and holy places were found throughout the peninsula. Among the thousands of inscriptions discovered within the peninsula, invocation of various deities is the most common subject. The Bedouin also incorporated beliefs of Semitic astral religions, recognizing deities associated with heavenly bodies. Several goddesses (al-Lat, al-Uzzah, al-Manat) were revered above all. Some animistic religions also recognized a superior deity, Allah, though this figure’s powers seem vaguely defined and the veneration accorded it weak.

With this annexation of the kingdom, direct Roman contact with the nomads increased. A brief confrontation with Arabs east of the Euphrates occurred during Trajan’s Parthian War. D. Rome apparently garrisoned troops at Palmyra, in Syria, which previously policed the desert caravan routes on its own. Gradually, trade activity dwindled. Palmyra surpassed Nabataea as an overland trading center and seaborne trade around the peninsula 14 ARABIA: THE LAND AND ITS PRE-ISLAMIC HISTORY increasingly diminished the importance of the overland routes.

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A Brief History Of Saudi Arabia (Brief History) by James Wynbrandt


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